Coronavirus and Us

Mar 07, 2020

A victim of Coronavirus receiving treatment in a foreign hospital

It is no longer news that the dreaded Coronavirus is here with us in the Nigeria. Recently the country's health minister announced its arrival to Nigeria via an Italian who has since been quarantined. The announcement of the presence of this virus in the country has understandably triggered panic across Nigeria, given the various ways it can be contracted.

The Coronavirus was first noticed in December 2019, in the City of Wuhan, China,where a cluster of pneumonia cases was reported. Upon investigations, it was found that this was caused by previously unknown virus now named 2019 novel Coronavirus (ncoV). The outbreak has now become a global concern as it keeps spreading at an alarming rate.

We have therefore decided to do our part by helping to spread awareness of this disease by bringing to you, information on the virus, how to recognize it, what to do afterwards.

How is Coronavirus Transmitted?
A person can carry and transmit COVID- 19 without showing the symptoms. Coronaviruses are circulated in a range of animals and can be transmitted to humans, though the exact dynamics are yet to be determined. In general, respiratory diseases are usually transmitted through droplets created when an infected person coughs or sneezes or through something that has been contaminated with the virus.

People most at risk.
Those in close contact with animals
Live animal market workers
People caring for those with infection
Family members or health care workers.

Common Signs of Coronavirus
Respiratory infection symptoms
Fever
Cough
Shortness of breath
Breathing difficulties
In severe cases;
Pneumonia
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
Kidney failure
Death

Treatment
There is no specific medication; treatment is supportive care and treatment of symptoms.
No vaccine, treatment and vaccines are in development.

B. Standard Recommendations to Prevent Spread of Infection
1. Regular washing of hands with soap and water
2. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing
3. Cook your meat and eggs thoroughly before consuming.
4. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as:
Coughing
Sneezing
5. Avoid undue contact with animals.
6. Appropriate use of mask in health care centres
7. Wash your hands thoroughly after having contact with live animals and animal products
8. Stay at home when you feel unwell
9. Cook meat and other such products very well.
10. Visit your health care centre early if you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing.

C. The following are further preventive measures as published by Channels TV
Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain Social Distancing
Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When people cough or sneeze they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouths which may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice Respiratory Hygiene
Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.Why? Droplets spread the virus. By following good respiratory hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

Stay informed and follow the advice given by your healthcare provider
Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow the advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselve


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